Install your sod immediately upon delivery. Begin watering sod within 15 minutes of installation. Sod is a living plant that requires ground contact and moisture to survive!
Begin installing sod along the longest straight line, such as a driveway or sidewalk. Butt and push edges and ends against each other tightly, without stretching. Avoid gaps or overlaps. Stagger the joints in each row in a brick-like fashion, using a large sharp knife to trim corners, etc. Avoid leaving small strips at outer edges as they will not retain moisture. On slopes, place the sod pieces across the slope.
To prevent indentations or air pockets, avoid repeated walking or kneeling on the sod while it is being installed or just after watering.
After installing the sod, roll the entire area to improve sod-soil contact and remove air pockets.
Measure the area to be sodded to determine the total square feet needed for your project. See our step-by-step instructions for determining the amount of sod needed.
Strip away existing grass and debris.
Grade the area to improve drainage by having the soil slope away from the house and building foundations. Rototill the soil to a depth of 4 to 6 inches. If you do not have good topsoil, it is best to purchase screened topsoil from a reputable supplier in your area and spread to a depth of at least four inches. Rake and firm the soil using a roller if necessary. You do not want to leave indentations when walking on the soil. The pieces of sod must contact with the soil surface completely.
The Ph of the soil should be 6.5. The only way to determine this is to perform a soil test. You can purchase an electronic tester or solution tester. Generally, to raise the Ph of 100 square feet of soil by half a point requires about five pounds of lime. For instance, if your soil test shows the Ph at 5.5, you need to apply 10 pounds of lime per 100 square feet to bring the Ph to 6.5.
A starter fertilizer should also be applied. Do not use any fertilizer that contains an herbicide at this time. Follow the recommendations on the bag for the amount to apply which will be based on the analysis of the fertilizer.
Incorporate the lime and fertilizer into the top two inches of soil by raking.
Water within 15 minutes of laying each piece of sod. This initial watering is very important.
If you have an underground sprinkler system, don’t wait to water until you have an entire zone completed. It is best to hand water with a hose as the sod is being laid. Once you have a zone completed, turn on the zone sprinkler.
The water you apply will prevent the sun from evaporating the moisture out of the grass plant. Initially, apply one inch of water. After that, visually check the appearance of the grass and water as needed throughout the day. Do not let the plants wilt or become a blue-gray color. The pad of sod and soil should be kept moist.
The sod should be rooted to the soil in approximately 10 days depending on temperatures. At this time, less frequent and deeper watering should begin. Weather conditions will dictate the amount and frequency of watering. Be certain that your new lawn has enough moisture to survive hot, dry or windy conditions. Water areas near buildings, sidewalks, and driveways more often as reflected heat will dry the grass plants in these areas sooner than in other areas.
Call now and get delivery this week, weather permitting:
Figure 1. Stripping existing grass and debris.
Figure 2. Applying lime and starter fertilizer.
Figure 3. Installing sod.
Figure 4. Rolling sod.